What is hyperemesis gravidarum ?

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Pregnancy may be associated with various conditions. One of the things that happen to pregnant women is morning sickness. This process occurs due to changes in the hormones in the body and the conditions of pregnancy. There are different definitions in the world of psychology. You may recognize some of these definitions. Some are new to you. The point we should know is how to get excited and how to behave after conception and during pregnancy. These behaviors are especially important for men. Pregnancy is very important in today’s world. Mothers of women can become pregnant if they have the necessary preparations.

Mental preparation for pregnancy is very important. An important part of mental preparation during pregnancy is the family situation. You may know some mental disorders. Success requires effort. If you want your child to be more successful with ideas, you should strengthen his self-esteem from today. If the child can develop both self-esteem and self-confidence options, he will win. Next, we want to see what morning sickness is in pregnant women. This behavior may occur in anyone.

Women’s behavior during pregnancy and morning sickness

It is unpredictable and it is not correct to determine what kind of behavior a person will do at any given moment. When the counselor talks to the person in question, he or she learns about his or her behaviors. A behavior diagnosis helps the counselor know what to do so that the person can manage their behavior. In continuation of this article that was written on Hamkade website as the first and largest psychological counseling center in Iran and a provider of counseling and psychological services, we would like to know what is related to morning sickness in pregnant women? accident.

What is morning sickness?

Morning sickness is feeling sick or vomiting during pregnancy. About eight in 10 women experience morning sickness during pregnancy, and for many, it’s the first sign of pregnancy. On average, most women find morning sickness becomes less bothersome towards the end of the first trimester. But this change can happen sooner or later.

How does morning sickness feel?

Be prepared for pregnancy and your mood. Find out everything you need to know about prenatal health, screenings, and more to prepare for a healthy pregnancy. First, what is your due date?

What are the symptoms of pregnancy?

Morning sickness begins shortly after your first period and usually lasts until the first three months (12 weeks) of pregnancy. However, some women experience it in the fifth month of pregnancy or even throughout the pregnancy.

Despite its name, morning sickness can occur at any time of the day and night and includes:

  • Nausea similar to car sickness or seasickness
  • Nausea upon waking or after eating
  • Sudden vomiting with nausea that lasts all day
  • Severe aversion to certain smells and foods

Severe nausea and vomiting, especially if you can’t keep fluids down, can lead to dehydration. This can be particularly harmful during pregnancy. Call your gynecologist if you have the following symptoms of dehydration:

  • Passing small amounts of urine or very dark urine
  • Dizziness when standing up
  • fast heart rate

hyperemesis gravidarum

About 1 in 300 women will experience a severe form of morning sickness called hyperemesis gravidarum. This causes weight loss of 5 percent or more, as well as problems such as poor nutrition, retinal hemorrhages, and possible kidney and liver damage.
Other symptoms of morning sickness include:

  • bad taste in mouth
  • Distinctive breath odor (keto odor)
  • Excessive deliverance (petal)
  • Difficulty reading (from dryness and eye changes)
  • fast heart rate
  • vibrating

Severe vomiting during pregnancy may require hospitalization due to dehydration, electrolyte imbalance and nutrition. Because thyroid problems can lead to fertility vomiting. People with this condition are usually tested for thyroid hormone levels.


Morning sickness is easy to recognize and does not require a formal diagnosis. Unless symptoms severely affect daily life. If it started after the ninth week of pregnancy or the vomiting intensified, the doctor should prescribe medication.

Point related to this area

In this case, your doctor may need to rule out other causes of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy, including:

  • ngallstone
  • Inflammation of the stomach and intestines
  • gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Migraine

Less common:

  • bile duct disease
  • drug toxicity or intolerance
  • Lever Inflammation
  • hyperthyroidism
  • Kidney stone
  • molar pregnancy
  • pancreatitis
  • stomach ulcer disease
  • Preeclampsia/HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, increased liver enzymes and low platelet count)

Causes and risk factors

The cause of morning sickness is still unknown. But it is thought to be linked to an increased sense of smell as well as a sudden increase in the following pregnancy hormones. This can slow down digestion and lead to nausea and vomiting:

  • cortisol
  • estrogen
  • human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
  • progesterone
  • prostaglandins

Risk factors

While anyone can experience morning sickness, research has shown that it’s more likely in women:

  • They are expecting more than one baby
  • You have a history of migraines or motion sickness
  • You have a history of nausea while taking birth control pills that contain estrogen
  • I had morning sickness in previous pregnancies
  • Do you have mothers who suffered from morning sickness during pregnancy?

Morning sickness and the risk of miscarriage

Although morning sickness is annoying and painful. But it does not endanger the baby and does not increase the risk of miscarriage. In fact, many doctors believe that this is a good sign that your pregnancy is going well and that the placenta is releasing hormones to maintain the pregnancy.

Studies in this field

A study from the National Institutes of Health found that women with a pregnancy confirmed by hCG testing with morning sickness had a lower risk of miscarriage.

A pregnant woman sometimes worries that if you have morning sickness and it ends abruptly, it could be a sign of illness. Abortion does not usually occur. But morning sickness makes it more difficult.

Point related to this area

The disappearance of some pregnancy symptoms even as early as the first trimester does not mean that you had a miscarriage. It is true that fading of pregnancy symptoms can occur with a miscarriage, but symptoms can also change or disappear early in pregnancy.

Morning sickness and other pregnancy symptoms

However, if you are experiencing bleeding or cramping along with missing morning sickness, there are other reasons to be concerned about a miscarriage. You should contact your doctor immediately because of this problem. If you don’t have any other miscarriage symptoms, there’s probably nothing wrong. However, if you are still concerned, you can consult your doctor about it.

Early ultrasound

Some doctors may want an early ultrasound. Or check your hCG level to help you feel more confident. Especially if you had a previous miscarriage.

Pregnant woman behavior

There is no standardized or definitive cure for morning sickness. Several dietary modifications and medications have been shown to reduce nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.


When it comes to preventing morning sickness, it’s important to consider when and how much you eat.

  • Avoid foods and smells that cause or worsen nausea
  • Consider ginger tea or popsicles. Research suggests that taking one gram of ginger daily is safe to reduce morning sickness during pregnancy.
  • Drink small amounts of fluids throughout the day and avoid drinking fluids with meals.
  • Eat 20 minutes before getting up in the morning.
  • Avoid an empty stomach by eating small, frequent meals.
  • Avoid fatty and spicy foods that can cause stomach acid to be secreted and aggravate the digestive system.
  • Try the BRAAT diet, which includes soft foods like bananas, rice, apples, toast, and tea.

The last word

Morning sickness was the topic of our article today. We all know pregnancy is a sensitive time for couples. Therefore, both should prepare for the day. Consulting psychologists can also help couples a lot.

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