What do psychologists say about corporal punishment of children?

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Corporal punishment of children has not become mandatory in some European countries. All psychologists assert that corporal punishment cannot prevent the recurrence of wrong behaviors. As we said in previous articles, every family is responsible for raising its children. The issue we need to know is how we can turn this corporal punishment into another way of raising children. Unfortunately, traditional families still use this method to raise their children. One function of mental disorders is that they can cause physical harm most of the time.

Although it may take a long time to feel these damages, they will occur if control disturbances occur. One of the things that cause disturbances in a person is unfortunate events. Sometimes, stresses in life or society cause these disorders as well. Stress is one of the most common problems in the world. Stress can seriously disrupt life. Next, we want to see how psychology explains some of the reasons why corporal punishment of children is not.

No corporal punishment of children and children’s behavior

As we said in previous articles, anyone can get angry or stressed. Now, this anger can be internal anger for several years or immediate anger caused by various circumstances. In the age we live in, people may face this stressful process due to various reasons. Some people may feel angry when they are stressed. This is where advice comes into play. In continuation of this article that was written on the Hamada website as the first and largest psychological counseling center in Iran and a provider of counseling and psychological services, we would like to clarify some of the reasons why corporal punishment of children is not related to the science of psychology. the talk.

Corporal punishment worsens a child’s behavior

Physical punishment, such as slapping, worsens a child’s behavior over time. Children are negatively affected by spanking regardless of gender, race, culture, or parenting style. Alternative disciplinary methods can improve behavioral outcomes.

Slapping children for misbehavior has been the preferred disciplinary method for many generations, in countless cultures. In some countries, corporal punishment of children is still legal at home and in public schools.

Point related to this area

According to a new study published in The Lancet, corporal punishment is not only harmful to children, but actually worsens their behavior rather than improving it. The results hold true across gender, race, culture, and parenting styles. Additionally, this study dispels common myths about corporal punishment. The study authors hope to change public policy on non-corporal punishment of children as a result of their research.
The opinion of Elizabeth T. Gershoff on non-corporal punishment of children

Says author Elizabeth T. “But it’s even more difficult if we keep doing things that research has clearly shown don’t work and harm children.”

Studies on corporal punishment

Countless research studies on corporal punishment have been conducted in the past 20 years with mixed results. This fact makes decoding research difficult for parents, health professionals, and policy makers. What makes this latest study different is that the researchers reviewed more than 1,600 previous studies. They chose someone who would investigate corporal punishment of children and then follow them up. They analyzed 69 studies to find results related to corporal punishment. The researchers found six main themes. Here we have a closer look at their best findings.

Corporal punishment increases the behavior problem

Rather than improving behaviour, physical punishment such as hitting can actually increase misbehavior over time. This bad behavior can include things like being aggressive, deliberately harming someone, defiant behavior and antisocial behavior such as destroying property, lying and stealing. Punishment increases avoidance behavior, meaning that the punisher avoids the one being punished. He does everything he can to avoid getting caught and punished.

Sevan’s general opinion in this area

Physician and behavior analyst Kelly Sevan explains that corporal punishment not only has long-term consequences. The short-term behavior is also getting worse. But it may not be visible to the person who did the blow. “Punishment increases avoidance behaviours,” Sevan explains. This means that the punisher avoids the person who is punishing him… and does everything in his power to avoid falling into it and to avoid punishment.” “This means that lying and theft may occur in the child’s behaviour.”
Corporal punishment is not associated with positive behavior unlike non-physical punishment of children

Of the 69 studies reviewed, none showed improvement in children’s behavior, attention, intelligence, relationships, social behaviors, or stress response. Research does not support this claim.

Corporal punishment increases the participation of the public prosecutor

Parents who use corporal punishment increase the risk of participating in Child Protective Services (CPS). “Parents [who use corporal punishment] generally know how much force they are using and where they are using it,” Sevan explains. But there is always the possibility that someone will over-harm their child, “which means that right now, you may not know if what you’re doing is classified as abuse.”

Point related to this area

Dr. Gershoff suggests that the line between discipline and abuse is so blurred that corporal punishment should simply be abolished as an option. “We have laws that make child abuse illegal,” says Dr. Gershoff. But defining what constitutes a punishment and what constitutes an offense is arbitrary. “It is a sad fact that US laws do not allow children to be protected from violence. While corporal punishment of adults is called rape, hitting a child is called ‘discipline.’

Corporal punishment of children is a violation of their rights to respect for their human dignity and physical integrity. “His broad legitimacy violates their right to equal protection under the law.”
According to Psychology, Why Never Hit Your Kids?

In an article published in the Journal of Family Psychology, the researchers decided to address two ongoing issues. Perhaps the most important issue is whether the psychological effects of hitting are comparable to physical abuse. For this decision, scientists evaluated more than 100 studies involving more than 16,000,000 children. Of the 17 standard psychological consequences of physical abuse, spanking was observed in 13 cases.

Studies on corporal punishment of children

Elizabeth Gershoff, associate professor of human development and family sciences at the University of Texas at Austin, says:

We found that corporal punishment is associated with unintended harmful consequences and not with immediate or long-term compliance, which are the outcomes that parents seek when they punish their children.”

In other words, the effect of punishment is not limited to obedience, but rather contributes to “increased antisocial behavior, aggressiveness, mental health problems, and cognitive problems.”

There is no corporal punishment for children even in spite of their anti-you behaviour

“You can’t punish your child for behavior you don’t want to see,” says Allen Kazden and Sterling, MD, professor of child psychology and psychiatry at Yale University. Kazden concludes his information in a straightforward and unambiguous manner:

We do not give up effective style. “We say that punishment is a terrible thing that does not work.”


Physical punishment, including slapping, may be effective in the short term. The explanation for this effect is relatively simple. This is because children are afraid of being hit by their parents. According to Kazden, the reason corporal punishment does not work in the long term is because children have not developed punishment or reward mechanisms. Hence the child cannot change his behavior after corporal punishment.

Does the lack of corporal punishment control the streak of violence in children?

A 2011 study published in Child Abuse and Neglect concluded that spanking may lead to a “cycle of intergenerational violence in the home.” In other words, parents may inadvertently create a perpetual cycle of physical violence.

Researchers involved in this study interviewed parents and children ages 3 to 7 from more than 100 families. The analysis of this research concluded that children subjected to corporal punishment are more likely to adopt physical violence to resolve conflicts with their peers.
The researchers caution that there are no “immediate negative effects of corporal punishment”.
After some time when the child gets used to the process of corporal punishment, he will have problems. In fact, the lack of physical punishment of children makes no sense here.

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